In a period marked by volatile prices, shifting global trade policy, and climate change, how are Midwestern agriculture and farmers changing over time?
The Kellogg Biological Station Long-Term Ecological Research Farmer Panel Survey is one of the very first projects to examine agricultural change over time. The annual survey, which began in 2017, asks around 3,000 corn and soybean farmers from Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Illinois to report on their views of climate change, what environmentally significant practices they are using, experiences with changing environmental conditions and extreme weather events, and use of information sources, such as University Extensions, for making agricultural decisions.
By returning to the same farmers each year, the survey can show how farmers are changing over time, identify factors that drive these changes, and suggest how agriculture in the Midwest is evolving. This insight, in turn, can facilitate the development of policies and programs that better enable Midwestern farmers to adopt practices that increase the agricultural system’s sustainability and resilience.