These adaptation strategies offer possible ways to address the increased public health effects from changing air quality.
Adaptation Strategies for Air Quality and Public Health
- Model future development to anticipate future air quality concerns from ozone
- Incorporate future population growth patterns and collaborate with transportation officials, air quality managers, state officials, and industry to better assess the expected performance of regulatory standards under changing climate conditions.
- Analyze current fire management capabilities and monitoring efforts
- Model expected conditions and anticipate potential future fire events to better understand the range of predicted emissions of particulate matter.
- Determine current vulnerability to wildfires or ozone by assessing location-based vulnerabilities, such as extent of urban heat island or location near extensive forest or rangeland.
- Monitor current conditions to better evaluate baselines and inform future projections.
- Identify populations and communities that may be more vulnerable to these impacts due to existing vulnerabilities, such as pre-existing health concerns and sensitive life stages, or due to behavior, such as individuals who spend extensive time outdoors due to profession or trade.
- Notify the public about impaired air quality
- When the public is aware of potentially dangerous air quality, they are able to modify their behavior to avoid exposure to it.
- Use the USEPA Air Quality Index and EnviroFlash to see air quality values for your area.
- Both of these tools assign a numbering system to the criteria air pollutants in your area. This information can help make determinations on how to proceed with notifying the public and help to make determinations on other implementation measures.
- Create an air awareness program.
- This is a public outreach effort to engage residents in voluntary actions to reduce air pollution and issue health advisories and warnings. It can also be used to create partnerships with other governments, industries, and organizations within your area.
- Converting fleets to hybrid and/or alternative fuel vehicles
- By converting government vehicles to alternative fuels there can be monetary savings and a reduction in emissions.
- Increase space for bicycles and public transportation
- Reduce vehicle emissions by encouraging smart growth development
- Promoting electric vehicle infrastructure
- In order to encourage more people to use electric vehicles there needs to be more charging stations in public areas. Charging stations can be put in priority parking places for electric vehicles.
CDC Building Resilience Against Climate Effects
The following resources are provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Learn more about the BRACE framework.
- Anticipate Climate Impacts and Assessing Vulnerabilities
Identify the scope of climate impacts, associated potential health outcomes, and populations and locations vulnerable to these health impacts.
- Project the Disease Burden
Estimate or quantify the additional burden of health outcomes associated with climate change.
- Assess Public Health Interventions
Identify the most suitable health interventions for the identified health impacts of greatest concern.
- Develop and Implement a Climate and Health Adaptation Plan
Develop a written adaptation plan that is regularly updated. Disseminate and oversee implementation of the plan.
- Evaluate Impact and Improve Quality of Activities
Evaluate the process. Determine the value of information attained and activities undertaken.
These strategies are adapted from existing federal sources, including the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and others. Please view these strategies in the context provided by the primary source document:
Other Federal Resources:
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Building Resilience Against Climate Effects (BRACE) Framework
Other potential adaptation strategies are available from industry organizations, including:
The adaptation strategies provided are intended to inform and assist communities in identifying potential alternatives. They are illustrative and are presented to help communities consider possible ways to address current and future climate threats to contaminated site management. Read the full disclaimer.
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